Legal framework

Admittance to the Ordre des géologues is subject to multiple clauses of the Professional and the Civil Codes of Québec and to the French Language Act, in addition to regulations adopted in application of these laws as mentioned in the following.

The right to practice geology in Québec results from either the deliverance of a Geologist permit followed by Registration on the Roll of the Ordre legally, or the deliverance of a Special authorization.

Only after becoming registered or obtaining a Special authorization does a person have the legal right to use the title or perform activities reserved to Geologists. 

Deliverance of a Geologist’s permit

The Administrative council of the Ordre issues permits to eligible applicants under sections 40 to 46 of the Professional Code. Council has the obligation to consider any prior criminal or professional conviction which could be cause for refusing a permit. A Geologist’s Permit is issued to a person who meets the following requirements: 

  1. To hold a recognized Québec university degree listed in the regulation on degrees or its equivalent as determined under the regulation on equivalency .
  2. Proof of three (3) years of relevant experience, including one year in a Canadian context in application of the regulation on conditions for deliverance of a permit.
  3. Successfully passing the professional examination.
  4. Demonstration of an adequate knowledge of the French language under the French Language Act
  5. Not having been convicted of a criminal or professional offence which could limit his or her capacity to practice the profession in accordance with the requirements of the Code of ethics1.

The holder of a recognized university degree or the equivalent who does not have the experience required to become a geologist may ask for membership as a geologist-in-training.


Person with prior registration in another province or territory

Any person registered as a professional geologist, geophysicist or geoscientist in another Canadian jurisdiction may obtain a geologist’s permit in application of the regulation referred to as “permit on permit”. This person must show proficeincy in the French language and not have a criminal or discipline record which would limit the ability to be a professionnal.

Diploma more than 5 years old

The holder of a degree delivered more than five (5) years before the application for a permit may be required to pass exams or complete supervised activities in accordance with the regulation on compulsory training if this person has not practiced the profession in the intervening period. 

Mastery of the French language

The French Language Act requires that all professionals have adequate command of the French Language in order to communicate with the public. The Ordre des géologues du Québec issues Temporary permits to persons who do not meet Language requirements upon request for a Geologists’ Permit. A Temporary Permit is issued for one year and may be extended up to three years on a yearly basis under certain conditions. Alternatively, a Temporary Permit may be converted to a Restricted Permit under other conditions.

Temporary restrictive permit

The Order may issue a temporary restrictive permit to a person seeking admission to a profession who is required to obtain additional training in order to obtain the equivalence; or, must meet one of the conditions set out in the admissions regulation. The board of directors must determine the professional activities that may be engaged in by the holder of the permit, and the conditions the holder must meet to engage in those activities. (P.C. 42.1)

The permit is valid for one year and may be renewed.

Registration onto the Roll

The Secretary enters on the roll every person who applies if  the following conditions are satisfied:

  • Holding of a permit ;
  • Payment of dues and the other amounts owed to the order;
  • Provision of required security to cover professional liability and, if applicable, the liability of the partnership or the company;
  • Payment of any costs awarded by the disciplinary council, the Professions Tribunal or the accounts arbitration council as well as any fine or amount imposed by any of those bodies;
  • Completion of the formalities and payment of the fees for entry on the roll.


Prolonged inactivity of unregistered permit holder

The board of directors may assess the competence of an applicant for entry on the roll when the applicant has held a permit without being entered on the roll for more than five (5) years.

Based on the results of an assessment, the board may, after giving the applicant an opportunity to submit observations, refuse to enter on the roll the applicant or enter the applicant on the roll but limit or restrict his right to engage in professional activities until successful completion of a period of refresher training or a refresher course, or both. (P.C. 45.3)

Lack of practice of registered member

The board of directors may require any registered member of the order (who has not practiced the profession a minimum amount of time in the previous five years) to successfully complete a period of refresher training or a refresher course, or both such training and course. (P.C. 55)

Deliverance of a Special authorization

The Ordre may issue a Special authorization granting a person legally authorized to practise the profession outside Québec the right to use a title reserved for members of the order in Québec or to engage in Québec in reserved professional activities in Québec.

A special authorization is valid only for the activities or the title it specifies. Moreover, it must specify the person or group of persons for whom the activities may be engaged in, as well as any other applicable condition or restriction.

It is valid for a period not exceeding one year and is renewable. (P.C. 42.4)

  1. Prior conviction: all applicants must declare any conviction for a criminal or professional offence. The Administrative council may refuse to deliver a permit or register a person who is rendered inapt for professional practice by his or her criminal or professional record. Failure to declare such conviction is grounds for summary dismissal from the Roll.